Publication Ethics & Malpractice Statement

General Ethics:
An academic journal is composed of bases: authors, editors, reviewers, publisher, and the owner of society-owned journals have responsibilities to meet expected ethical standards at all stages in their involvement from submission to publication of an article. In this direction, we are committed to meeting and upholding standards of ethical behaviour at all stages of the publication process. The publishing ethics and malpractice policies strongly agrees to the Principle of Transparency and Best Practice recommendation statement by COPE, DOAJ for scholarly publishing practices for the Presentation and Identification of E-Journals (PIE-J), and, where relevant, the recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of scholarly work in academic Journals.

Impartial Evaluation Process and transparency:
Manuscripts evaluation is based on intellectual content without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors.

Open Access Policy:
Mistake from my side. It shouldbe International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research & Reviews (IJMRR) provides free open access to disseminate the scientific knowledge to the global research community. All published articles are made freely available to read, download, and distribute immediately upon publication, given that the original source and authors are cited.

Privacy Statement:
The personal information used on this website is to be used exclusively for the stated purposes of each particular journal. It will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.

Copyright Statement:
During production process, author/s should transfer copyright to the publisher for the purpose of publication, indexing and archiving for public use in reference to the published work in the name of authors. After publication in journal authors reserve all proprietary rights and rights to use all or part of the article in future works. In case of republication of whole, part, parts thereof by a third party, written permission must be taken from journal authority. After publication, publisher & assessment team is not responsible/ liable for any kind of discrepancy and legal dispute.

Authorship Criteria:
Authorship claim is justified for those who made significant contributions like: conception, design, execution, or data interpretation in the reported study. All significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. Where there are others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research, they should be acknowledged or listed as contributors. The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate co-authors and no inappropriate co-authors are included in the research paper, and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication.

Originality and Plagiarism policy:
Plagiarism is a serious violation of publication ethics. Before submission authors should ensure that article is original work and it is not replicated from any sources by any aspect. Plagiarism in all its forms constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.

Concurrent submission:
Articles that are found to have been published elsewhere, or to be under review elsewhere, will be treated as duplicate submission or Concurrent submission. In such case, journal authority may cancel the submission immediately. Moreover, action can be taken for the submission due to unethical publishing behavior. If authors use their own previously published work, or work that is currently under review, as the basis for a submitted article, they are required to cite the previous work and indicate how their submitted article offers novel contributions beyond those of the previous work. Reuse of the authors’ own words outside the methods should be attributed or quoted in the text. Reuse of the author's own figures or words may require permission from the copyright holder and the authors are responsible for obtaining this. For more information visit COPE guidelines.

Data Fabrication and Falsification:
Data fabrication and falsification is a serious concern for publication ethics. If submitted article is found to be fabricated or falsified results or data including the manipulation of images, then corresponding author is liable to provide necessary justification. Without proper justification, submission will be canceled and action may be taken for violation of publishing ethics.

Citation Malpractice:
Citation malpractice is one of the growing concern for publication ethics.If submitted article is found that the primary purpose is to increase the number of citations to a given author’s work, or to articles published in a particular journal, it will be considered as citation manipulation. Moreover, editors and reviewers must not ask authors to include references merely to increase citations to their own or an associate’s work, to the journal, or to another journal they are associated with.

Corresponding author should ensure that citations are appropriate and they are not manipulated in any aspect, including self-citations (both author self-citations and journal self-citations strictly not allowed).

Acknowledgement of Sources:
The work and/or words of others must be acknowledged with proper citation or quotation. Authors should cite publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work. Information obtained privately, as in conversation, correspondence, or discussion with third parties, must not be used or reported without explicit, written permission from the source. Information obtained in the course of confidential services, such as refereeing manuscripts or grant applications, must not be used without the written permission of the author ( originator) of the work involved. The permission letter physical copy should submit to the journal office and soft copy should submit to the journal e-mail id.

Conflicts of interest:
During the editorial process, the following relationships between editors and authors are considered conflicts of interest: Colleagues currently working in the same research group or department, recent co-authors, and doctoral students for which editor served as committee chair. During the submission process, the authors are kindly advised to identify possible conflicts of interest with the journal editors. After manuscripts are assigned to the handling editor, individual editors are required to inform the managing editor of any possible conflicts of interest with the authors. Journal submissions are also assigned to referees to minimize conflicts of interest. After manuscripts are assigned for review, referees are asked to inform the editor of any conflicts that may exist.

Human and Animal Rights Policy:
The ethical standards in medical and pharmacological studies are based on the Helsinki declaration (1964, amended in 1975, 1983, 1989, 1996, 2000 and 2013) of the World Medical Association and the Publication Ethics Policies for Medical Journals of the World Association of Medical Journals (WAME).

Fundamental Errors in Published Work:
When significant error or inaccuracies are identified in published articles, the publisher will decide the necessary action and may consult the editors and the author's institution/s. Errors by the authors should notify the journal promptly and it may be corrected by the publisher in discussion with editor and assessment team. Errors which significantly affects the conclusions or there is evidence of misconduct, this may require retraction following the COPE Retraction Guidelines.