EFFECT OF DIFFERENT TYPES OF FERTILIZERS ON THE FLOWERING AND GROWTH OF FENUGREEK
Keywords:Fertilizers, Fenugreek, Flowering, Plant height, Yield
The versatile crop fenugreek, sometimes called methi, is cultivated in northern India during winter. In terms of fenugreek productivity in India, Rajasthan is at the top. An annual plant is a member of the Fabaceae family and the subfamily Papilliaceae. The crop is classified as leguminous, and its nitrogen-rich roots penetrate deep into the soil. Fertilizers have a broad range of applications for enhancing growth and development. Fenugreek seeds and fixed-oil yields may be enhanced with the use of biofertilizers. Fenugreek also uses NPK 15- 15-15 fertilizer or NPK 19-19-19 water-soluble fertilizer as it blooms. Fenugreek seeds are contained in the yellow pods transformed from the white or purple blooms produced by this plant. Therefore, nitrogen, phosphorus, and bio-fertilizers are fertilizers that may enhance the growth and blooming of fenugreek plants. Bio-fertilizers, such as PSB and Rhizobium, were used in comparison to the control group, which received the required dosage of NPK from chemical fertilizers—with a maximum plant height of 35.94 cm, several 6.70 pods, 65.50 days to 50% blooming, 3.40 branches, 8.43 pod lengths, yield of 15.49 q/ha, and 146.10 days to maturity, the experimental results revealed that the control group had the lowest values. After using an unfertilized control, mycorrhizal fungi may improve many crop metrics by using bacterial fertilizers and vermicompost (Madhoor & Faisal, 2020). Regarding fenugreek, it may be more prudent, cost-effective, and efficient to use a combination of chemical and bio-fertilizers rather than only chemical fertilizers.